Next JS vs React: Best Framework to Choose for the Front End in 2023

Next JS vs React: Best Framework to Choose for the Front End in 2023

Written by Sophie Robertson, In Programming, Technology, Published On
June 21, 2023
Last modified on June 26th, 2023

After reading this article, you can decide which framework you should choose for your project between NextJS and React.

NextJs vs React: Best Framework to choose

Why Next JS and React are Popular Front-End Frameworks

  • The rise of single-page applications
  • The popularity of JavaScript
  • The importance of performance and scalability
  • The necessity for adaptability and ease of use

What are NextJS and React?

Facebook created the JavaScript library, which is known as React. It is now among the most widely used front end frameworks.

Overview of React and its basic concepts
React is based on the following concepts:

Components: reusable building blocks for creating user interfaces
State: represents the data for a component at a given moment
Props: are property objects passed to a component, used to communicate between parent and child components.
The virtual DOM: a representation of the real DOM tree that allows React to update the UI more efficiently

Next JS
The Next JS framework, which is built on React, adds more capabilities to improve efficiency and scalability, such as server-side rendering and static site creation.

Overview of Next JS and its basic concepts
Next JS includes the basic concepts of React, but adds the following:

Server-side rendering: allows faster load times and better SEO
Static site generation: faster page loading and better performance
File-based routing: simpler navigation and maintenance

Key Differences Between Next JS and React

Performance and Scalability
Both frameworks prioritize performance and scalability, but they have different approaches. React focuses on creating efficient UI components, while Next JS provides features like server-side rendering and static site generation to boost performance.

Benefits and drawbacks of each framework in this category
React’s virtual DOM updates are lightning-fast, but it can suffer from long loading times for large applications. Next JS’s server-side rendering can provide faster initial load times and thus better SEO, but it can be slower for dynamic content or heavy computation.

Server-Side Rendering vs. Client-Side Rendering
When choosing the best framework, it becomes highly important to understand the crucial differences between server side and client side rendering.

Advantages and disadvantages of each approach
Server-side rendering can provide faster initial load times, better SEO, and better user experience for low bandwidth connections. Client-side rendering enables more complex interactivity and faster navigation, but can suffer from long loading times.

Why Next JS’s server-side rendering is preferred by some developers
By generating the HTML on the server-side, Next JS can deliver a pre-rendered page with minimal browser rendering or JavaScript execution, resulting in faster page loads and better performance.

Ease of Use and Learning Curve
Although both frameworks seek to provide a simple programming environment, their learning curves are distinct.

Which framework is easier to use, and why?
React has a steeper learning curve that may require more prior knowledge, while Next JS provides more built-in features for fast development.

Comparison of React and Next JS’s learning curves
React requires knowledge of JavaScript and its ecosystem, such as state management. Next JS has a lower barrier to entry, but may require additional knowledge of server-side rendering.

Pros and cons of each framework in this category
React can be more versatile and provide custom flexibility, but it requires libraries and tools for features like routing. Next JS has a more structured approach and “batteries included” features for faster development, but can be more challenging for customization.

Developer Productivity
Productivity is vital to any project and should be considered when choosing a framework.

How each framework impacts developer productivity
React can provide more custom solutions and be more efficient for small projects, but it requires significant setup and configuration. Next JS provides such advanced features and is useful for larger, complex projects.

Tooling and support available for both frameworks
React has a vast ecosystem of libraries and tools, but requires more setup and customization. Next JS has fewer libraries but provides pre-configured features that require less setup.

Best practices and tips for maximizing productivity when using React and Next JS
Using established design patterns and project structures, following coding conventions, and keeping up-to-date with the latest features and techniques can improve productivity in both frameworks.

Community and Ecosystem
The community and ecosystem of a framework can impact its usefulness and sustainability.

The importance of a strong community and ecosystem for any framework
A strong community provides support, libraries, and best practices, and contributes to the framework’s long-term sustainability.

Comparison of the React and Next JS communities
React’s community is vast and active, providing a wealth of knowledge, libraries, and tools. Next JS has a smaller, but growing, community with active development and support.

Popular libraries and plugins for both frameworks
React has an extensive library ecosystem with popular libraries like Redux, React Router, and Styled Components. Next JS provides built-in features for API routes, automatic code splitting, and styling libraries such as CSS modules.

Which Framework Should You Choose in 2023?

Factors to consider before choosing a framework
Factors to consider before choosing a framework include application requirements, development experience, team skills, and performance needs.

Comparison of Next JS and React against those factors
React is the best pick for small to medium sized projects. But Next JS is a good choice for large, performance-critical applications that require server-side rendering and/or static site generation.

Which framework is better for your specific project and needs?
There is no global solution. Consider your needs and requirements before choosing a framework.


The success of your project will depend on how effectively you can select the ideal framework for your front-end development requirements. We hope that this post has clarified the distinctions between Next JS and React and provided you with the knowledge necessary to make an informed choice in 2023 and beyond.

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